The way the planet’s first accountants counted on cuneiform

The way the planet’s first accountants counted on cuneiform

The Egyptians utilized to think that literacy had been divine, a present from baboon-faced Thoth, the god of real information.

Scholars no longer embrace that theory, but why ancient civilisations developed composing ended up being a secret for a time that is long. Ended up being it for spiritual or reasons that are artistic? To keep in touch with remote armies?

The secret deepened in 1929, whenever an archaeologist that is german Julius Jordan unearthed a huge collection of clay pills that have been 5,000 years old.

They certainly were far more than the samples of composing currently discovered in Asia, Egypt and Mesoamerica, and had been written in a script that is abstract became referred to as “cuneiform”.

The pills originated from Uruk, a Mesopotamian settlement regarding the banking institutions regarding the Euphrates in exactly what has become Iraq.

Uruk ended up being tiny by today’s criteria – with just a few thousand inhabitants – however in its time had been huge, among the planet’s first cities that are true.

“He built the city wall surface of ‘Uruk’, city of sheepfolds,” proclaims the Epic of Gilgamesh, among the earliest works of literary works. “Have a look at its wall surface featuring its frieze like bronze! Gaze at its bastions, which none can equal!”

This great town had produced composing that no contemporary scholar could decipher. Just exactly What made it happen say?

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Uruk posed another puzzle for archaeologists – though initially it seemed unrelated. Read more